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Stockton-on-Tees is commonly known as Stockton. The name of the town can be traced back to Anglo-Saxon times when it was originally established as a settlement.
The ending of the town name ‘ton’ is typical for Anglo-Saxon locations, as ‘ton’ means a homestead or farm. The town itself has a current population around 80,000 people in it, with a wider borough population of approximately 200,000 people.
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Stockton-on-Tees has been the birthplace of many famous inventions including the Birthplace of the railways with the first passenger train on the Stockton to Darlington railway line and the birthplace of the friction match. Historically with access to the River Tees, the town was a significant market location, ideal for traders from North Yorkshire, County Durham and the wider regions of Northern England. As part of the town’s history, the Castlegate shopping centre is now located on what was once Stockton Castle.
This was originally constructed as a Norman Castle which belonged to the Prince-Bishops of Durham. During the civil war of England, the castle was a Royal ‘stronghold’, it played an important part in the treaty of 1640, when the River Tees became a boundary between the Scottish and English forces. The castle at this time stayed in Royalist hands, however it was eventually captured by the Scottish around four years later in 1644. In 1646 the castle was burnt down under the orders of Oliver Cromwell and all that was left standing was a small barn.
This unfortunately isn’t present in modern day Stockton, as it was demolished in the nineteenth century. Stockton grew at a rapid pace with the birth of the railways, located in an ideal position the town became a great link between the coal mines of County Durham and the merchants using the River Tees. As the industrial revolution grow in Northern England, Stockton became more important leading to a population boom. This also affected other close towns such as Middlesbrough, Darlington and Hartlepool.
Today Stockton has a nice range of shopping locations including one of the widest high streets in Europe. From Wellington Square, Portrack Lane, Castlegate Shopping Centre and Teesside Park, finding a place to shop and socialise has never been easier. You will also find some nice attractions and landmarks from the Arc, the Infinity Bridge and the Princess Diana bridge too. With re-generation alongside the riverfront, old industrial factories have been demolished and turned into office spaces, education facilities and outdoor activity centres. The most prominent being the Tees Barrage.